Designing for Powder Metallurgy

design-for-PM

A selection of award winning PM components that show the designs that are possible when using press/sinter PM (Courtesy JPMA)

Although Powder Metallurgy technology offers considerable design freedoms, there are a number of “dos” and “don’ts” to be borne in mind when designing a product with the process in mind.

These are highlighted in the following guidelines:-

Aspect ratio

The aspect ratio (i.e. length to width ratio) – the density variations created by friction effects between the powder feedstock and the tooling mean that, even with double-ended compaction, aspect ratio should be limited to no more than 3:1.

Re-entrant features

Re-entrant features such as grooves, reverse tapers or lateral holes, cannot be directly formed by Powder Metallurgy as they would prevent the part from being ejected from the die. If needed, such features would have to be introduced by machining of the sintered part.

Bevels

Bevels would require feather-edged punches, which should be avoided. If possible, a bevelled edge should end in a small flat, thus avoiding the feather edge.

Chamfers

Chamfers are preferred to radii on component edges, again to avoid the need for feather-edged punches

Abrupt changes in section

Abrupt changes in section should be avoided as they introduce stress raisers that can lead to cracking due to springback in ejection.

Sharp corners

Radii rather than sharp corners in the plan view section should be incorporated, again to avoid stress raisers.

 

 

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  • Burgess-Norton and Amsted Automotive: How a legacy automotive supplier is growing with, not despite, electrification
  • Meeting sustainability demands in PM: High-temperature sintering of nickel- and copper-free powder mixtures for low alloyed PM parts
  • World PM2022: An overview of the status and trends in the global PM industry
  • A novel approach for the production of metal powders with tailored chemical compositions: Amazemet’s rePowder
  • Productivity, flexibility, reliability: SACMI’s new press technologies for the changing PM industry
  • Understanding the thermal properties of metal powders: Characterisation of powders using the Hot Disk technique
  • World PM2022: Views on the potential of Field Assisted Sintering for advanced materials

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