Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country’s second largest city after Istanbul, and was host to the 6th International Powder Metallurgy Conference and Exhibition in Turkey.
Some 200 abstracts were submitted, out of which 90 oral and 60 poster presentations were accepted. Furthermore, 35 Turkish and international companies and universities presented their products and their research results in the conference exhibition. Delegates from countries all over the world attended the conference.
The opening ceremony began with a Turkish classical concert. After this Prof. Dr. Mehmet Türker, President of the Turkish Powder Metallurgy Association, gave a broad overview of the Turkish economy, the PM market and its trends.
Turkey is becoming an industrialised country with $54 billion in exports from January to May 2011. For decades the largest export sector was the textile industry, however the vehicle industry has now succeeded this with sales in 2011 of $7.15 billion followed by textiles at $5.1 billion, chemicals at $2.71 billion, and electric & electronic goods at $2.3 billion.
Turkey controls 40% of the world’s marble reserves (7.5 billion m3) and has a wide range of colours (650 types of stone and 270 different colours). In the last twenty years the stone cutting capacity in Turkey has increased by 20% annually. Some 500,000 tons of stone were processed in 1990, while more than 11.5 million tons of stone were processed in 2010.
Turkey exported $2.5 billion of marble in 2010, accounting for 10% of the world’s $25 billion stone market. Turkey is one of the top four countries in the word’s stone market, the others being Italy, China and Spain. The target for the year 2015 is more than $4 billion.
PM industry in Turkey
Iron powder consumed in Turkey in 2010 was about 11,000 tons and the market value of total PM production was estimated as €270 million. Automotive parts and diamond cutting tools share the market.
PM components are used in a variety of markets, with the automotive industry being the predominant one, consuming approximately 70% of the ferrous products of the annual production.
The average US made vehicle in 2010 contained an estimated amount of 19 kg of PM parts, whereas it was 8.5 kg for European vehicles. In 2010, 1,095,000 vehicles were produced in Turkey. Turkey is the 16th country in the world and fifth in Europe in vehicle production.
Most of the Turkish PM companies are exporting over 60% of their production. The goal of Turkey should be over 50,000 tons of iron powder consumption and $1.5 billion market value before the year 2023.
The technical programme included the following invited lectures:
- Recent Trends in Powder Metallurgy in Europe
Ingo Cremer, President of the EPMA
- Metal Powder Injection Molding – Processing and Design
Prof. Dr. Randall German, San Diego State University
- Simulation and Modeling of the Powder Injection Molding
Prof. Dr. Seong Jin Park, Pohang University, South Korea
- High Velocity Oxy-Fuel Coating and Laser Treatment of Metallic Surface with Presence of Powder Films
Prof. Dr. Bekir Sami Yılbaş, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Bahar Bayar, from Mate Consulting, also presented the latest developments and trends in the Chinese PM market.
The large number of attendees at the conference shows a rapid expansion of the Turkish PM industry. Compared to the last conference in 2008, there were double the amount of exhibitors and delegates attending this year’s event.